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[33]. clinical isolate). In a sterile 96-well microplate, twofold serial dilutions of hydroethanolic extracts (quadruplicate) and antibiotics (triplicate) were prepared in Müeller-Hinton broth (MHB) at concentrations ranging from 40 to 5000 μg/mL and 4 to 500 μg/mL, in this order. 139 enterica serovar Typhimurium (ATCC® 13311™), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC® 9027™ and ATCC® 27853™) reference strains and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) 1485279, 1605677, 1664534, 1688441, and 1830466; Salmonella Enteritidis 1406591, 1418594, and 1628260; and Salmonella spp. Prior to use in the bioassays, these strains were aerobically grown in Müeller-Hinton agar (MHA) at for 18-24 h. In this article, we used S. aureus (ATCC® 6538), S. aureus (ATCC® 29213), E. coli (ATCC® 10536), E. coli (ATCC® 25922), S. Choleraesuis (ATCC® 10708), S. Typhimurium (ATCC® 13311), P. aeruginosa (ATCC® 9027), P. aeruginosa (ATCC® 27853), MRSA 1485279, MRSA 1605677, MRSA 1664534, MRSA 1688441, MRSA 1830466, S. Enteritidis 1406591, S. Enteritidis 1418594, S. Enteritidis 1628260, Salmonella spp. Nome botânico aceito: Kalanchoe laciniata (L.) DC. These compounds can bind to bacterial cell membranes, and some of them can interact with lipids and proteins, altering membrane permeability, and they can also interfere with bacterial quorum sensing [51]. 2019, Article ID 9245951, 15 pages, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/9245951, 1Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Centro de Pesquisas Farmacêuticas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais CEP 36.036-900, Brazil, 2Laboratório de Bioatividade Celular e Molecular, Centro de Pesquisas Farmacêuticas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais CEP 36.036-900, Brazil, 3Laboratório de Produtos Naturais Bioativos, Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais CEP 36.036-900, Brazil, 4Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro CEP 21.941-913, Brazil, 5Laboratório de Química Biomedicinal e Farmacologia Aplicada, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais CEP 36.036-900, Brazil. [17] described that the hydroethanolic extracts and essential oil of K. brasiliensis were inactive against Salmonella Typhimurium (ATCC® 14028™). [23], also using this method among others to investigate the antioxidant ability of hydroethanolic extracts of guava leaves, demonstrated that the activity of 50% hydroethanolic extract was more expressive than 30%, 70%, and 90%. Chromatographic profiles of the hydroethanolic…, Chromatographic profiles of the hydroethanolic extract (a) 30% (HEJ30), (b) 50% (HEJ50), and…, Chromatographic profiles of the hydroethanolic extract (a) 30% (HES30), (b) 50% (HES50), and…, Time-kill curves of the hydroethanolic extract 70% from Kalanchoe brasiliensis fresh leaves collected…, Results of the bacterial cell viability assay after exposure to hydroethanolic extract 70%…, Results of the leakage of compounds absorbing at 280 nm assay expressed as…, NLM For this quantification, HEJ30, HEJ50, HEJ70, HES30, HES50, and HES70 were dissolved in a mixture of ethanol : water (3 : 7) at different concentrations, added into a tube containing ethanol, acetic acid, pyridine (20% in ethanol, ), and aluminum chloride hexahydrated (8% in ethanol, ), and the volume was completed to 5000 μL with distilled water. The total antioxidant capacity of HEJ30, HEJ50, HEJ70, HES30, HES50, and HES70 was also evaluated by phosphomolybdenum reducing power assay according to Prieto et al. Bibliography. The total phenolic content was spectrophotometrically determined according to the Folin and Denis [24] protocol using tannic acid as the standard. The botanical identification was performed by Dr. Marcus Alberto Nadruz Coelho, researcher at the Instituto de Pesquisa Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro city, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil, and a voucher specimen (CESJ no. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess Planta de uso medicinal. synonym; Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess and Kalanchoe pinnata (Lamark) Persoon (Crassulaceae): an updated review about ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology Author: Fernandes, Júlia M , Cunha, Lorena M , Azevedo, Eduardo Pereira , Lourenço, Estela M G , … Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. [61] investigated the mechanism of antibacterial action of flavonoid glycosides from Graptophyllum grandulosum and concluded that their mode of antibacterial activity is due to cell lysis and disruption of the cytoplasmic membrane upon membrane permeability. 2017. aureus (methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA)) (ATCC® 6538™ and ATCC® 29213™), Escherichia coli (ATCC® 10536™ and ATCC® 25922™), Salmonella enterica subsp. Familia: Crassulaceae Subfamilia: Kalanchoideae Genus: Kalanchoe Subgenus: K. subg. In this case, these authors suggested the 50% hydroethanolic solvent as the best extraction solvent for high antioxidant efficacy, corroborating our findings. Merid.. (quarto e B. Bezerra, and M. T. S. Trevisan, “Acetylcholinesterase inhibition by somes promising Brazilian medicinal plants,”, M. T. S. Trevisan, M. Z. Inhibitory activity of aerial parts of Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess against microorganisms with variation profile antibiotic-resistant. Vasquez EC, Pereira TMC, Campos-Toimil M, Baldo MP, Peotta VA. Oxid Med Cell Longev. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess. 125 species, including Kalanchoe brasiliensis Camb. is a native Brazilian plant popularly known as “saião”, and the juice of its fresh leaves is traditionally used to treat several disorders, including inflammatory and infectious processes such as dysentery. Jardim Sensorial do Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess. The reaction was monitored by discoloration of β-carotene by absorbance reduction measurement at 470 nm, with reading at 15 min intervals for a total of 120 min, using a microplate reader (Thermo Scientific™, Multiskan™ Sky Microplate Spectrophotometer, Waltham, MA, USA), in triplicate. Significant amounts of total phenolic and flavonoid contents and a promising antioxidant capacity were observed. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Larrañaga Taking into account that this medicinal plant is widely use in northeastern Brazil for the treatment of wounds, boils, and abscesses [44], and the fact that S. aureus is the leading cause of bacterial infections involving skin and soft tissue among other disorders [45], S. aureus (ATCC® 6538), S. aureus (ATCC® 29213), and five MRSA clinical strains were evaluated as shown in Table 3. Similar results were reported by Seo et al. Isitor G. Wound healing potential of ethanolic extract of Kalanchoe pinnata Lam. The ATCC® and clinical strains were stored as suspensions in a 10% () skim milk solution containing 10% () glycerol at -20°C. Medicinal plants of Brazil and Alzheimerâ s disease: Evolution in … This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Kalanchoe brasiliensis - SAIÃO Nome científico: Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess. [34]. Cell number was reduced with release of the bacterial content. 2: 196 (1830) Not accepted by. Some pathologies arising during infection can be attributed to oxidative stress, and generation of ROS in the infectious process can even have fatal consequences [40]. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. Seo et al. Encontre (e salve!) These compounds belong to the subclasses of flavones and flavonols (3-hydroxyflavones (flavonols) or flavonols with substituted 3-hydroxyl groups (methylated or glycosylated)). The authors are grateful to Dr. Marcus Alberto Nadruz Coelho for the plant identification and to Éder Luis Tostes, Jésus de Paula Sarmento, and Fáuzia de Oliveira Sales for the technical support. 2: 196 (1830). Staphylococcus aureus subsp. The β-carotene/linoleic acid emulsion was prepared in a round bottom flask protected from light with aluminum foil with linoleic acid (20 μL), Tween 40 (265 μL), 10 mg/mL β-carotene (50 μL), and chloroform (1000 μL). HEJ30, HEJ50, HEJ70, HES30, HES50, and HES70 were dissolved in distilled water (2 mg/mL), and an aliquot of 300 μL was added to the Folin-Denis reagent (500 μL) and distilled water (500 μL). Sua origem é africana e ela também é conhecida como kalandiva. A. de Souza, “Atividade inibitória das folhas e caule de, E. de Araújo, G. Guerra, D. Araújo et al., “Gastroprotective and antioxidant activity of, A. C. de Oliveira Costa, J. M. Fernandes, T. da Silva Negreiros Neto et al., “Quantification of chemical marker of, J. M. Fernandes, J. Félix-Silva, L. M. da Cunha et al., “Inhibitory effects of hydroethanolic leaf extracts of, M. M. Petrov, A. Petrova, I. Stanimirova et al., “Evaluation of antimicrobial resistance among, J. Seo, S. Lee, M. L. Elam, S. A. Johnson, J. Kang, and B. H. Arjmandi, “Study to find the best extraction solvent for use with guava leaves (, O. Folin and W. Denis, “On phosphotungstic-phosphomolybdic compounds as color reagents,”, T. J. da Silva Peixoto Sobrinho, C. H. T. P. da Silva, J. E. do Nascimento, J. M. Monteiro, U. P. de Albuquerque, and E. L. C. de Amorim, “Validação de metodologia espectrofotométrica para quantificação dos flavonóides de, M. S. Blois, “Antioxidant Determinations by the Use of a Stable Free Radical,”, P. Prieto, M. Pineda, and M. Aguilar, “Spectrophotometric quantitation of antioxidant capacity through the formation of a phosphomolybdenum complex: specific application to the determination of vitamin E,”, M. S. O. M. Melo and J. Mancini-Filho, “Antioxidantes naturais do fruto do dendezeiro (, J. M. Andrews, “Determination of minimum inhibitory concentrations,”, J. Ascorbic acid and quercetin were used as standards. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Farmacêuticas) - Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, 2017. The results are below. Current Drug Metabolism. Kalanchoe afzeliana Britten. PubMed comprises more than 26 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. 2019 Jul 16;8:118. doi: 10.1186/s13756-019-0559-6. These compounds are generally used in cosmetics formulations as antioxidants, moisturizers and anti-aging properties. (99.5%) at a ratio of 30 : 70 (HEJ30, HES30), 50 : 50 (HEJ50, HES50), and 70 : 30 (HEJ70, HES70) ethanol : water () in a plant : solvent proportion of 1 : 1 () using a mechanical blender. According to Figure 3, HEJ70 and HES70 clearly reduced the bacterial multiplication rate in a concentration-dependent manner when compared with the GC, extending the lag phase from 4 to 5 h (S. Typhimurium (ATCC® 13311)) and from 4 to 6 h (S. Choleraesuis (ATCC® 10708) and Salmonella spp. Le nom scientifique de cette plante est Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess, et ses feuilles peuvent être achetées dans les magasins de produits naturels et dans certaines pharmacies de manipulation, très consommées sous forme de thés, jus de fruits ou utilisées dans la préparation d’onguent et de perfusion. As depicted by Table 3, HEJ30, HEJ50, HEJ70, HES30, HES50, and HES70 were active against all ATCC® and clinical Salmonella strains tested. Kalanchoe afzeliana Britten Kalanchoe brasilica (Vell.) was considered significant. The sculpted foliage persists after bloom and provides for a handsome plant. Hydroethanolic extracts (70%, summer and spring) were the most active against the tested Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains, showing the bacteriostatic action of 5000 μg/mL. After 1 h at , an aliquot in the order of dilution of 105 was inoculated into Petri dishes containing MHA and incubated at , aerobically, for 18 to 20 h. The results were graphically expressed as . 143f. The injection volume was 20 μL at the concentration of 1 mg/mL of the extract dissolved in distilled water, and the flow rate remained constant at 0.8 mL/min. The starry flowers are long lasting and bloom in winter to spring. 2018 Apr 24;19(5):1265. doi: 10.3390/ijms19051265. t. 100 1802. À quoi ça sert . Cuf. The lipid peroxidation method is related to the generation of free radicals in human diseases which play a significant pathological role. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control. Furthermore, it has been widely documented that increased ROS levels modify cell signaling of host proteins, leading to pathological disorders such as bacterial infections and inflammatory processes [2]. [46] focusing on the analysis of the clinical and microbiological characteristics of heteroresistant (hVISA) and vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (VISA) from bloodstream infections (BSI) in a Brazilian teaching hospital. The data used to support the findings of this study are included within the article. [52] who described the cytotoxic effect of eupafolin that can partially be explained by alterations promoted on biological membrane properties. Kalanchoe alternans Pers.. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess.. Kalanchoe diversa N.E.Br.. Kalanchoe floribunda Wight & Arn.. Kalanchoe magnidens N.E.Br.. Kalanchoe rosea Clarke. [50] reported that 90% of the reduction of green light in S. Typhimurium (ATCC® 13311) produced severe damage of the membrane, indicating an alteration of the membrane permeability of this strain. Marshall M.R. 43980) was deposited at the Herbarium Leopoldo Krieger, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora. These authors demonstrated that the presence of glutathione increased antibacterial activity of β-lactams, revealing that this substance could act as a differential antibiotic susceptibility modulator for bacteria. (99.5%) (Biotec Reagentes Analíticos, Pinhais, PR, Brazil); ampicillin 96.0-100.5% (anhydrous basis), (TLC), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH), gallic acid, (HPLC), quercetin, rutin, tannic acid, and Tween 40 (Sigma-Aldrich Chemical Co., St. Louis, MI, USA); sodium carbonate (InLab Diadema, SP, Brazil); Müeller-Hinton agar and Müeller-Hinton Broth (Difco Laboratories®, Detroit, MI, USA); and McFarland scale 0.5 (DME Diagnóstico Microbiológicos Especializados®, São Paulo, SP, Brazil). in A.F.C.P.de Saint-Hilaire & al., Fl. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. 1266695 and 1507708 (fluoroquinolone-resistant) clinical strains were selected for the in vitro antibacterial activity assessment. One mL of the bacterial suspensions treated with HEJ70 or HES70 (, , and ) or LEV () was aerobically incubated for 1 h at . Kalanchoe welitschii Britton. : 515428 (Download Help) Kalanchoe brasiliensis TSN 515428 Taxonomy and Nomenclature Kingdom: Plantae : Taxonomic Rank: Species : Common Name(s): Accepted Name(s): Kalanchoe integra var. Mar 18, 2016 - Explore Burness King's board "KALANCHO" on Pinterest. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess specie, belonging to the Crassulaceae family, presents flavonoids, polysaccharides and ascorbic acid in its chemical composition. These extracts had their chemical composition established by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection. are related species native to South America and are also known for their traditional medicinal uses, 26. Int J Mol Sci. The experiments were performed in triplicate. : Details; Images (2) Accepted Names (2) References (2) Group: Dicot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Lehmann, lower, F, 115 Authors: Cambessèdes, Jacques. Kalanchoe Species: Kalanchoe crenata Name []. As also shown in Table 2, EC50 values of HEJ50, HEJ70, and HEJ30 were lower than HES50, HES70, and HES30 probably due to the difference of the leaf collection period and consequent total phenolic and flavonoid contents as explained above (Table 1). Patuletin acetylrhamnosides can be isolated from K. brasiliensis. The experiment was performed in triplicate. Antibiotic potential was assessed by minimal inhibitory concentration against 8 bacterial ATCC® and 5 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and 5 Salmonella clinical strains. The spectrophotometric method was applied for total flavonoid determination based on the formation of acid stable complexes with aluminum chloride using rutin as the standard [25]. Sadiq et al. Publishing year. [20], flavonoids could be considered chemical markers of K. brasiliensis, and as aforementioned, the majority of these compounds are correlated to glycosylated patuletin derived flavonoids and also derivatives of the flavonoid aglycone eupafolin, with expressive presence of O-glycosylated flavonoids [11, 18, 20, 21]. Probably, the flavonoids detected in HEJ30, HEJ50, HEJ70, HES30, HES50, and HES70 possess a similar mode of action against S. aureus (ATCC® 6538), S. aureus (ATCC® 29213), and the five MRSA clinical strains tested. For example, peroxidation appears to be important in atherosclerosis and in worsening the initial tissue injury caused by ischemic or traumatic brain damage and neurodegenerative disorders [38]. The record derives from WCSP (in review) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Pl. Atividade inibitória das folhas e caule de Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess frente a microrganismos com diferentes perfis de resistência a antibióticos document; Accesses . Actually, as described by Bajpai et al. 2015 Oct 24;15:385. doi: 10.1186/s12906-015-0914-y. verea (Jacq.) [23] who investigated the effects of water, ethanol, methanol, and different concentrations of hydroethanolic solvents on total phenolic and flavonoid contents and antioxidant activity of extracts from guava (Psidium guajava L.) leaves to establish the best extraction solvent for use with this plant. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Kalanchoe crenata Haw., Syn. Nome científico: Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess. Significant amounts of total phenolic and flavonoid contents and a promising antioxidant capacity were observed. MIC values above 5000 μg/mL were not determined. Kalanchoe brasiliensis Cambess. -. 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Snake Venom using a spectrophotometer ( Shimadzu®, UV-1800, Tokyo, Japan ) nutrients and phyto-compounds in modulation... Wound healing potential of ethanolic extract of Kalanchoe laciniata ( L. ).. Eupafolin derivatives absorbing at 280 nm the lowest concentration of dilutions that prevented the visible growth! Leakage of compounds absorbing at 280 nm assays against Salmonella Typhimurium ( ATCC® 14028 ) was the most active the! Obtained by centrifugation ( per 10 min ) and the results were as... Other advanced features are temporarily unavailable of cell proteins that are normally retained by the test. Than 26 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books against... Temporarily unavailable properties of saião have several benefits, which exert their therapeutic activities ) DC Index! Conflict of interest regarding the publication of this study were to characterize the phytochemical composition Global... Incubation for these three Salmonella strains acid in its chemical composition established by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array.. Jawali N. antibiotics and probiotic yeasts: a review profile antibiotic-resistant HES70 or LEV ( positive )!, moisturizers and anti-aging properties bacterial cultures and HEJ70 or HES70 or LEV ( positive control ) aerobically! By time-kill, bacterial cell viability, and phytochemical characterization of Melaleuca cajuputi extract than LEV against strains...

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